Climate change Forces Antarctic penguins into exile

2022-04-23 0 By

The discovery of a new penguin population should have delighted biologists and other experts, but the reality is quite different.”The new findings show the significant impact of climate change in the region.””Warns Andres Balbosa, a researcher at the National Museum of Natural Sciences, part of Spain’s National Research Council.The new population is a gentoo penguin colony on the remote Anderson Island, the report said.A team from the Greenpeace ship Polar Sunrise confirmed the find.Greenpeace’s Luisa Carson warned: “We are seeing a migration of this penguin to new habitats.”This is the first reported sighting of the penguin on the easternmost part of the Antarctic Peninsula.”Unlike other penguin species that have fled the cold and frozen land and water of The Antarctic, gentoo penguins are breeding southward, and this is biological evidence of sea ice decline,” Carson said.Last summer, the WMO issued an alert saying: “The Antarctic Peninsula – the northwestern tip of the Antarctic continent near South America – is warming at one of the fastest rates on earth: 3c over the past 50 years.””This is a climate crisis happening in front of our eyes.”Carson said.It’s a risk reflected in the survival of these Gentoo penguins.Scientists say penguins, along with sharks and mollusks, can provide early warnings of dangers such as the effects of climate change.Warmer ocean temperatures and melting ice in Antarctica are forcing Gentoo penguins “to expand their range,” Barvosa said.Greenpeace officials said: “This is one of the southernmost populations of Gentoo penguins.Until recently, there was enough ice for them to thrive.”Prior to this discovery, only sporadic gentoo nests had been found in the remote area, but researchers have now found a population of 75 gentoo penguins on Anderson Island, the report said.”Gentoo penguin numbers are still increasing,” Barbosa said.The gentoo migration is an example of an adaptation to climate change that not all penguins are able to make, the report said.A recent Antarctic expedition revealed that the island’s chinstrap penguin population had collapsed.”As krill (a type of crustacean) declines due to climate change, the chinstrap penguin population on the Antarctic Peninsula has declined significantly,” Barbosa said.