China’s food industry is facing the situation
(I) Some industries are highly dependent on foreign trade, and the spread of the global epidemic requires vigilance against trade risks.At present and for some time to come, COVID-19 continues to pose a common challenge to the world, affecting the supply, production and logistics of raw materials in the food industry.The industrial structure of some food industries in China is not reasonable. In terms of import and export of raw materials, key ingredients and finished products, China is highly dependent on western countries represented by the United States, so it is urgent to be alert to the safety risks of the industrial chain.In terms of raw materials, there is a structural shortage of high-oil soybeans and sugar, and import markets for key products are highly concentrated. Chinese enterprises lack pricing power and are greatly affected by international trade and price fluctuations.In terms of food ingredients, China lacks independent property rights in functional oils, probiotics, fermentation agents, enzyme preparations and other aspects. The import rate of major products is more than 70%, which affects many downstream industries and has certain supply risks.Especially infant formula powder industry, as a result of whey powder, structure grease oleate (1, 3-2-2 – hexadecanoic acid triglycerides), lactoferrin and other ingredients basically rely on imports, in the face of major producer was inadequate, the problem such as limited cargo capacity, lower quality, once appear, periodic shortages or rised lock-up phenomenon, can cause domestic enterprises production, production of large-area.Export products export, China’s food industry and regional common mid-range, most of the products can’t enter the high barriers of developed countries, with the development of international outbreaks, aquatic products processing, such as the main products are exported to common face inspection and control to strengthen, reduce or cancel orders, blocked access, export trade uncertainty risks.2. Green transformation still needs to be comprehensively and deeply promoted, and small and medium-sized enterprises face increasing pressure to survive.In recent years, China’s food industry collectivization development trend obviously, led by leading enterprise as the center of the industrial concentration increase and the rapid development of industrial cluster, technology and equipment upgrades to accelerate, informatization, improve intelligent level, promoting the comprehensive utilization of resources to further improve, energy conservation and emissions reduction achieved positive results, speed up the development of circular economy mode;On the other hand, due to the large food industry production system in our country, and the number is numerous, small micro enterprises accounted for above 90%, and in the case of environment, resource constraints, rising, the enterprise’s equipment level is relatively backward, resource consumption and serious environmental pollution, comprehensive utilization of by-product level is not high, the clean production is relatively lag.On the whole, green transformation is still the focus of China’s food industry during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.On the other hand, in recent years, as the pressure to save energy and reduce emissions has increased, the production costs of raw materials, labor, water and electricity have risen, and the profit margins of small and medium-sized enterprises have been significantly compressed. In addition, the epidemic has brought about changes in production and consumption, as well as restrictions on exports. It is expected that in the next one to two years, small and medium-sized enterprises will face great operating pressure.3. The industry has accelerated its efforts to improve quality and create brand names, and some food safety problems remain weak links.In recent years, under the situation of increasing downward pressure and slowing growth of domestic economy, China’s food industry has actively adapted to the new normal of economic development, accelerated the pace of structural adjustment and transformation and upgrading, and entered a new stage of high-quality development.With the formulation and revision of national food safety standards and the implementation of regulations such as the E-commerce Law, the standardization of industry development has been enhanced.The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has accelerated the development of pilot quality and safety traceability systems for infant formula milk powder and other industries. The Integrity Management System for Food Industry Enterprises has been thoroughly implemented to ensure that China’s food safety situation continues to stabilize and improve.Driven by the Internet and we media, the industry has accelerated the survival of the fittest. A number of outstanding brands have emerged, their market influence has increased, and new forms of business have been constantly enriched.On the other hand, source pollution, unreasonable use of agricultural and veterinary drugs, food cold chain logistics construction lag and other shortcomings that affect China’s food quality and safety still exist.In 2019, China’s grain, meat, eggs, milk, edible oil and other commodities processed food samples pass rate at a higher level, among them, look from sampling found unqualified samples, because of excessive farming veterinary drug residue, microbial contamination, beyond super limited use of food additives caused by unqualified products accounted for the proportion of the total defective items are more than 70%.(4) Strong demand for diversified products, as reflected in the epidemic situation that Chinese residents favor some products, changes in the age structure of residents and consumer demand continue to promote the supply-side reform of the industry, requiring the provision of high-quality and diversified products that are more safe, healthy and nutritious.At present and in the future, with the aging of China’s population further aggravating, the market demand for food for the aged, health food, special medical use formula food and specialized catering is booming;The continuous progress of urbanization and the increase of people’s income will drive the consumption of green food, organic food, hobby food and leisure food.In addition, with the full implementation of the “two-child” policy, the demand for high-quality infant food remains rigid growth.On the other hand, since the outbreak of the epidemic, food consumption patterns in communities (towns and villages) under the home closed management mode have also changed greatly, bringing some new development opportunities.In addition to increasing the demand for grain and oil and other durable food, pre-packaged meals, quick-frozen food, instant noodles and other fast and convenient industrialized dietary products are generally favored by consumers.The epidemic has also aroused consumers’ attention to health foods such as improving immunity and supplementing vitamins and minerals. Internet searches and sales of some products have significantly increased.