In January, natural disasters affected 422,000 people and caused economic losses of 3.74 billion yuan

2022-05-27 0 By

The Ministry of Emergency Management released the national natural disasters in January 2022.Emergency department jointly with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, department of natural resources, housing, urban and rural construction ministry, the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Water Resources, agriculture NongCunBu, health committee, bureau, bureau of meteorology, silver circ, food and reserve bureau, bureau of trees, the Red Cross Society of China, wang group, such as departments and units, on January’s situation were analyzed in consultation with the national natural disasters.In January, earthquakes, cryogenic freezing and snow disasters were the main natural disasters in China. Drought, hail, forest and grassland fires also occurred to varying degrees.A total of 422,000 people were affected by natural disasters, including one death, and 25,000 people were evacuated.34 houses collapsed and 105,000 were damaged;159,000 hectares of crops were affected;The direct economic loss was 3.74 billion yuan.The main features of natural disasters in January are as follows:One, the low temperature sleet freezing influence central and eastern regions, relatively light disaster loss in January, in the east China area twice a wide range of rain and snow weather process, among them, 20-24, rain and snow cover a wide range, long duration, precipitation phase state and complex, the north is given priority to with the snow, the south is given priority to with the rain, from henan, shanxi local sporadic snow,Some agricultural greenhouses were damaged;From 25th to 29th, the second round of rain and snow weather occurred in central and eastern China, with a wide range of influence and strong intensity. The rain and snow center was southward, and there was heavy snowstorm in Henan, Hubei, Anhui and Hunan, and freezing rain in Guizhou and Hunan. This snowfall is favorable to alleviate the drought in some parts of southern China and promote agricultural production.However, it has a negative impact on urban operation, epidemic prevention and control, and energy supply.In January, five earthquakes with a magnitude of more than 5 occurred on the Chinese mainland, including one with a magnitude of 6.0 to 6.9 and four with a magnitude of 5.0 to 5.9. The intensity of the earthquakes was relatively strong.On January 2, a magnitude-5.5 earthquake with a focal depth of 10 kilometers occurred in Ninglang County, Yunnan province, which is the most shallow earthquake in yunnan in recent years. It affected 45,000 people in Ninglang County, injured 30 people, damaged more than 8,600 houses, damaged some infrastructure such as transportation and power, and caused direct economic loss of 320 million yuan.On January 8, menyuan County of Qinghai province was hit by a 6.9-magnitude earthquake, with the epicenter at the border of qinghai and Gansu provinces. Strong aftershocks with magnitude-5.1 and magnitude-5.2 followed. 171,000 people in Qinghai, Gansu, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia provinces (regions) were affected by the earthquake, and 10 people were injured.The lanzhou-Xinjiang high-speed railway tunnel group suffered partial collapse, track deformation, bridge tilt, local transportation, municipal and other infrastructure damage, making it the most costly natural disaster in January.In addition, a 5.8-magnitude earthquake hit Delingha city in Qinghai province on January 23, causing no casualties or property losses.In January, soil moisture in the whole country was suitable. The soil moisture in the eastern part of northwest China, the northern part of north China, the central part of southwest China and other parts of the country was moderately or more short of moisture. Guangdong, Fujian, Yunnan and Guangxi suffered from local drought.According to the statistics of the water conservancy department, the total amount of water stored in 6,920 key reservoirs in China is 10% more than the same period of the previous year, and some areas have less water.Guangdong province since October 2021, precipitation less 2, the main rivers of water less 3-7, dongjiang, han jiang river basin, and coastal areas of guangdong in the drought, parts supply pressure is bigger, the local through scientific scheduling, emergency water diversion, artificial precipitation, water saving water measures to actively cope with, such as drought caused no obvious disaster, people life water security.In January, national meteorological conditions were relatively favorable, and the fire prevention and control situation in forest and grassland was generally stable.In January, under the influence of local strong convective weather, scattered hail disasters occurred in Guizhou and Yunnan.On January 4, hailstorms hit anshun and Guiyang, guizhou province, causing a direct economic loss of more than 13 million yuan.On January 19, hailstorms hit Yuxi and Xishuangbanna in Yunnan province, causing a direct economic loss of more than 64 million yuan.In addition, the current closure of the Yellow River is stable, and northeast China is in a stable closure period, which has not caused disaster losses.Source: @Ministry of Emergency Management Process editor: TF065